latent


latent
latent, dormant, quiescent, potential, abeyant are comparable when meaning not now manifest or not evincing signs of existence or activity.
Latent implies concealment and is applied to what is present without showing itself
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latent energy

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a latent infection

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his sinister qualities, formerly latent, quickened into life— Hardy

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it remained possible that by further development, latent contradictions might have been revealed— Russell

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Dormant usually suggests sleeping and is applied to something which has once been active but now is inactive though not incapable of future activity
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a dormant plant

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a dormant volcano

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which power can never be exercised by the people themselves, but must be placed in the hands of agents, or lie dormantJohn Marshall

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she pursued him with attentions, and when his passion was dormant sought to excite it— Maugham

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Quiescent emphasizes the fact of inactivity without necessary implications either of causes or of past or future activity
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with the increase of their wealth . . . they sank into quiescent Tories— Meredith

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Sometimes it connotes immobility
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if only we could persuade ourselves to remain quiescent when we are happy\—Jefferies

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Potential applies to something which at a time in question does not possess such being, nature, or effect as is expressed but which is likely to have or capable of having such being, nature, or effect at some future time
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potential energy

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disaffected citizens who area potential danger to the nation

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this eye for a potential and achievable best— Mumford

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it [an infant] must from the very first be viewed seriously, as a potential adult— Russell

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Abeyant (more often, predicatively, in abeyance) implies a suspen-sion of activity or active existence
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in Mr. Brooke the hereditary strain of Puritan energy was clearly in abeyance—George Eliot

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It usually connotes expectancy of revival
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nothing seemed left . . . of. . . the former Lewis Raycie, save a lurking and abeyant fear of Mr. Raycie senior— Wharton

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until all danger of counterrevolution should have been removed, personal rights and liberties would have to be kept strictly in abeyance—Ogg & Zink

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Analogous words: hidden, concealed (see HIDE vb): *inactive, inert, idle: unripe, unmatured, *immature
Antonyms: patent
Contrasted words: *active, operative, live, dynamic: activated, vitalized, energized (see VITALIZE)

New Dictionary of Synonyms. 2014.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • latent — latent, ente [ latɑ̃, ɑ̃t ] adj. • 1361; lat. latens, de latere « être caché » 1 ♦ Qui demeure caché, ne se manifeste pas mais qui est susceptible de le faire à tout moment. ⇒ 1. secret. Conflit latent, qui couve. ⇒ larvé. Homosexualité latente.… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • latent — la·tent / lāt ənt/ adj: existing in hidden or dormant form but usu. capable of being brought to light compare patent Merriam Webster’s Dictionary of Law. Merriam Webster. 1996 …   Law dictionary

  • latent — LATÉNT, Ă, latenţi, te, adj. Care există, dar nu se manifestă în exterior, putând izbucni oricând. – Din fr. latent, lat. latens, ntis. Trimis de LauraGellner, 24.03.2008. Sursa: DEX 98  LATÉNT adj. potenţial. (Energie latent.) Trimis de siveco …   Dicționar Român

  • Latent — La tent (l[=a] tent), a. [L. latens, entis, p. pr. of latere to lie hid or concealed; cf. Gr. lanqa nein, E. lethargy: cf. F. latent.] 1. Not visible or apparent; hidden; concealed; secret; dormant; as, latent springs of action. [1913 Webster]… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Latent — can refer to:* Latent heat, the amount of energy released or absorbed by a substance during a change of phase * A latent geologic fault * Latent bud, a bud in some plants that remains a bud until favourable conditions appear * Virus latency, the… …   Wikipedia

  • latent — Adj verborgen, nicht unmittelbar faßlich erw. fach. (18. Jh.) Entlehnung. Entlehnt aus l. latēns ( entis), dem PPräs. von l. latēre verborgen sein, versteckt sein .    Ebenso nndl. latent, ne. latent, nfrz. latent, nschw. latent, nnorw. latent. ✎ …   Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen sprache

  • latent — [lāt′ nt] adj. [L latens, prp. of latere, to lie hidden, lurk < IE * lāidh < base * lā , to be hidden > ON lōmr, deception, Gr lēthē, forgetfulness, lanthanein, to be hidden] 1. present but invisible or inactive; lying hidden and… …   English World dictionary

  • latent — latent, ente (la tan, tan t ) adj. 1°   Terme technique. Qui est caché. Chaleur latente, chaleur qui n est point sensible au thermomètre (voy. calorique).    Terme de médecine. Maladie latente, maladie dont le diagnostic est obscur, qui ne… …   Dictionnaire de la Langue Française d'Émile Littré

  • latent — UK US /ˈleɪtənt/ adjective [before noun] ► present, but not yet active, developed, or obvious: »latent capability/talent/skill …   Financial and business terms

  • latent — »vorhanden, aber noch nicht in Erscheinung tretend; versteckt, verborgen; ohne typische Merkmale (besonders von Krankheiten)«: Das Adjektiv wurde im 18. Jh. aus gleichbed. frz. latent entlehnt, das auf lat. latens (latentis), dem Part. Präs. von… …   Das Herkunftswörterbuch


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